Git Branch Commands
- git branch – Display a list of the local branches in your Git repository.
- git branch -a – Display a list of both local branches and remote branches in your Git repository.
- git branch -c – Copy a Git branch.
- git branch -d <branch-name> – Delete a local Git branch. This command will not work if the branch you are attempting to delete has unmerged changes.
- git branch -D <branch-name> – Delete a local Git branch with unmerged changes.
- git branch -m <branch-name> <new-branch-name> – Rename a Git branch.
- git branch -r – Display a list of the remote branches in your Git repository.
- git push <remote> --delete <remote-branch-name> – Delete a remote Git branch.
- git push --set-upstream <remote> <branch> – Set an upstream branch. Running this command will push your local branch to the new remote branch.
Git Checkout Commands
- git checkout <branch-name> – Switch to a different Git branch.
- git checkout -b <branch-name> – Create a new branch and switch to it.
- git checkout -b <branch-name><remote-name>/<branch-name> – Create a local branch from the remote Git branch and checkout that branch.
- git checkout <commit hash> – Checkout a previous Git commit.
- git checkout <tag name> – Checkout a Git tag in a detached HEAD state.
- git checkout -b <branch-name><tag-name> – Checkout a Git tag as a branch.
Git Cherry Pick Commands
- git cherry-pick [insert commit reference] – Apply a commit’s changes onto a different branch.
Git Clone Commands
- git clone <repository-url> – Clone a specified remote repository. See Git-SCM’s best practices for remote URL format.
- git clone <repository-url> <directory-name> – Clone a repository and name the local directory.
- git clone <repository-url> --origin <name> – Clone a repository and name the remote (
<name>). If you do not wish to name the remote, Git will provide the default name
- git clone <repository-url> --branch <branch-name> – Clone a repository and checkout the specific branch.
- git clone <repository-url> --depth <depth> – Clone a repository with a specified number of commits (
- git clone <repository-url> --no-tags – Clone a repository without copying the repo’s tags.
Git Commit Commands
- git status – Display a list of files in your staging directory with accompanying file status.
- git add – Stage file changes. Running this command with an associated file name will stage the file changes to your staging directory.
- git commit – Save changes to your Git repository. Running this command with an associated file name will save the file changes to your repo.
- git commit -a – Add all modified and deleted files in your working directory to the current commit.
- git commit --amend – Amend a Git commit. Edit a Git commit message by adding a message in quotation marks after the command.
- git commit -m – Add a Git commit message. Add your message in quotation marks following the command.
Git Merge Commands
- git merge – Combine two or more development histories together. Used in combination with fetch, this will combine the fetched history from a remote branch into the currently checked out local branch.
- git merge <branch-name> – Merge changes from one branch into the branch you currently have checked out.
- git merge --abort – Aborts the merge process and restores the project’s state to before the merge was attempted. This works as a failsafe when a conflict occurs.
- git merge --continue – Attempt to complete a merge that was stopped due to file conflicts after resolving the merge conflict.
- git merge --squash – Combine all changes from the branch being merged into a single commit rather than preserving them as individual commits.
- git merge --no-commit – Combine branch into the current branch, but do not make a new commit.
- git merge --no-ff – Creates a merge commit instead of attempting a fast-forward.
Git Pull Commands
- git pull – This will perform a
git fetchfollowed by a
git merge FETCH_HEAD, and will allow you to fetch from and integrate with another repository or a local branch.
- git pull --quiet – Suppress the output text after both
- git pull --verbose – Expand the output text after both
Git Pull Commands Related to Merge
- git pull --squash – Combine all changes from the branch being merged into a single commit, rather than preserving the individual commits.
- git pull --no-commit – Combine the currently checked out branch with the remote upstream branch.
- git pull --no-ff – Create a merge commit in all cases, even when the merge could instead be resolved as a fast-forward.
Git Pull Commands Related to Fetch
- git pull --all – Fetch all remotes.
- git pull --depth=<depth> – Fetch a limited number of commits.
- git pull --dry-run – Show the action that would be completed without actually making changes to your repo.
- git pull --prune – Remove all remote references that no longer exist on the remote.
- git pull --no-tags – Do not fetch tags.
Git Push Commands
- git push – Push the current checked out branch to the default remote
- git push <remote><branch> – Push the specified branch along with all of its necessary commits to your destination remote repository.
- git push <remote> --force – Force a Git push in a non-fast-forward merge. This option forces the update of a remote ref even when that is not the ancestor of the local ref. This can cause the remote repository to loose commits, so use with care.
- git push <remote> --all – Push all local branches to a specified remote.
- git push <remote> --tags – Push all local tags to a specified remote. Tags are not automatically sent when using
Git Rebase Commands
- git rebase <target branch name> – Rebase your currently checked out branch onto a target branch. This rewrites a commit(s) from the source branch and applies it on the top of the target branch.
- git rebase --continue – Proceed with a Git rebase after you have resolved a conflict between files.
- git rebase --skip – Skip an action that results in a conflict to proceed with a Git rebase.
- git rebase --abort – Cancel a Git rebase. Your branch will be back in the state it was before you started the rebase.
- git rebase <target branch name> -i – Initiate interactive rebase from your currently checked out branch onto a target branch.
Git Stash Commands
- git stash – Create a stash with local modifications and revert back to the head commit.
- git stash list – Display a list of all stashes in your repository.
- git stash show – View the content of your most recent stash. This will show your stashed changes as a diff between the stashed content and the commit from back when the stash was created.
- git stash drop <stash> – Remove a stash from the list of stashes in your repository.
- git stash pop <stash> – Apply a stash to the top of the current working tree and remove it from your list of stashes.
- git stash apply <stash> – Apply a stash on top of the current working tree. The stash will not be removed from your list of stashes.
- git stash clear – Remove all stashes from your repository.